Month by Month Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

Month by Month Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

Do you ever wonder when in the world to plant your vegetables? I’m here to help with my vegetable garden planting guide. My Little Sprouts and I try our hardest to grow as much of our own food as possible. We like a wide variety of food, so we plant a wide variety of food. It’s hard to keep track of what to plant each month, so here is a guide to what you grow when.

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We live in Oklahoma in Zone 7a, so you may have to check the USDA planting zones and see where your planting zone may differ. Click here to check it out. In most cases, you can just use the same list, but adjust it a few weeks one way or the other to find your optimal planting times.

If you are north, you will need to do things a few weeks later, and if you are south, you will need to do things a few weeks earlier. If you live in Oklahoma you can check out OSU extension for all of the recommended planting times. Click here to go to their website.

seedlings, month by month

You can find a vegetable garden planting guide to the best times to plant at your local extension office. This guide should also let you know what your last average frost date would be. Gardeners have to pay close attention to the weather. The weather guides what we do.

We like to practice succession planting, or planting things every few weeks to spread out our harvest and have a continual supply throughout the growing season. Our average last frost date is April 15, so if you find yours, you can adjust your planting times according to how many weeks away from ours it is. This is average, so remember, anything can happen. We had a freeze in the middle of May one gardening year. You never know!

Each plant has its own optimal time to go in the ground. That’s why we need a vegetable garden planting guide. Some plants do better when direct seeded into the ground, and some do better when they are grown indoors until they develop into good sized seedlings and planted outside as plants.

Corn and cucurbits, which include cucumbers, melons, and squashes prefer not to have their roots disturbed and don’t transplant well so you want to direct seed them in the ground when possible. Cruciferous and nightshades such as cabbages, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and tomatoes and peppers don’t germinate in the ground as well and prefer to be started in a controlled environment.

They are finicky germinators. They like constant temperatures when they sprout. In addition, carrots, lettuce, peas, and radishes germinate well in the ground outside. Okra does well direct seeded too.

If you love heirloom seeds and want to buy some wonderful quality seeds from a family owned small business, check out Seeds for Generations. I LOVE their seeds and love supporting small businesses. Look how gorgeous!

planting seedlings, month by month planting guide

There are some plants that are replanted to grow a new crop, such as garlic. You just take a head of home grown garlic or garlic intended for planting and not eating, and break off each clove and plant it in the ground. A new head will grow from that clove.

Potatoes are cut into individual chunks and cured for two weeks and then planted in the ground. Sweet potatoes are sprouted in water and the “slips” or green parts that grow are planted directly into the ground. Onions do better when you plant a set or tiny onion plant than when you try to grow them from seed. That is our experience anyway, anything is possible.

garden planting guide, month by month

Here in the deep summer, it’s too hot to plant anything. These months are filled with harvesting and struggling to keep your plants alive and keep them from drying out too fast. You may be able to plant some things during this time, but not usually. Let you instincts guide you in the garden.

If you’re looking for a great deal on seeds, you can order a seeds of the month club membership. Click here to get the details. I love getting surprise seeds in the mail every month and the price is amazing. We love seeds of the month!

Any post on this blog may contain affiliate links which pay me a very small commission for items you purchase using the links but costs you nothing extra. I can help defray a small percentage of the cost of producing the blog to share information with you.

seeds of the month

Month by Month Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

This is the schedule we use at Little Sprouts for what we have plan to plant.

February:                 Cabbage                            Plant

                                Carrots                              Seed

                                Cauliflower                         Plant

                                Swiss Chard                       Seed

                                Kohlrabi                             Seed

                                Lettuce                              Seed or Plant

                                Onion                                Sets or Plant

                                Peas                                  Seed

                                Potato                               Tuber pieces

                                Spinach                             Seed

                                Kale                                  Seed

 

March:                     Cabbage                              Plant

                                Carrots                               Seed

                                Cauliflower                          Plant

                                Swiss Chard                        Seed

                                Kohlrabi                              Seed

                                Lettuce                               Seed or Plant

                                Onion                                 Sets or Plant

                                Peas                                   Seed

                                Potato                                Tuber pieces

                                Radish                                Seed

                                Spinach                              Seed

                                Broccoli                              Plant

                                Kale                                   Seed

                                Herbs                                 Plants

 

April:                       Radish                                Seed

                                Beans                                 Seed

                                Cucumber                           Seed or Plant

                                Pumpkin                             Seed

                                Summer Squash                  Seed or Plant

                                Corn                                   Seed

                                Herbs                                 Plants

                                Flowers                              Seed

 

May:                         Melons                              Seed

                                Cucumber                          Seed or Plant

                                Okra                                  Seed

                                Pepper                               Plant

                                Tomato                              Plant

                                Pumpkin                            Seed

                                Summer Squash                Seed

                                Winter Squash                   Seed

                                Sweet Potato                     Plant (slips)

                                Tomatillos                         Plant

 

June:                       Cucumber                         Seed

                                Okra                                Seed

                                Pepper                             Plant

                                Tomato                            Plant

                                Summer Squash               Seed

                                Winter Squash                  Seed

                                Sweet Potato                    Plant (slips)

                                Tomatillo                          Plant

 

September:             Cabbage                           Plant

                                Carrots                            Seed

                                Cauliflower                       Plant

                                Swiss Chard                     Seed

                                Kohlrabi                           Seed

                                Lettuce                            Seed or Plant

                                Onion                              Sets or Plant

                                Peas                                Seed

                                Potato                              Tuber pieces

                                Spinach                            Seed

                                Broccoli                            Plant                     

                                Kale                                 Seed

 

October:                  Cabbage                           Plant

                                Carrots                             Seed

                                Cauliflower                        Plant

                                Swiss Chard                      Seed

                                Kohlrabi                            Seed

                                Lettuce                             Seed or Plant

                                Onion                               Sets or Plant

                                Peas                                 Seed

                                Potato                               Tuber pieces

                                Radish                               Seed

                                Spinach                             Seed

                                Broccoli                             Plant

                                Kale                                  Seed

                                Garlic                                Clove

 


What are you planning to plant in the garden? I hope this vegetable garden planting guide helps you work it out. If you want to check out how to plan your garden, click here. Happy planting!

Don’t forget to pin for later!

Month by Month Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

 



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8 comments

  1. Gina says:

    Christina,

    What a lovely page you have. How wonderful that you are teaching this to the children in your care. My babies are in college now, but I would have loved it if they had an opportunity to garden at childcare. I live in northern California (zone 9b) and work at a large agriculture university where I have access to a lot of master gardeners, but I would rather ask you a garden question. I’m a big tomato, cucumber, and squash gardener. This will be my first year ever to do green beans. From what I have read, it says to plant seed directly into the garden bed and not start seeds indoors. Do you have any tips or thoughts on that? Thank you. Gina

    • Hi Gina, thanks so much for your comments and for reading the post. Yes, i would totally direct sow green bean seeds in the ground. That’s what we do and I have read that they don’t like to be transplanted once they sprout so they like that best. They have a fairly short growing season, so there’s no need to rush getting them planted inside anyway. Thanks for your question. Have a great day!

  2. Great post! The planting guide is very helpful and my sister will be very glad to have it for planning her garden. My daughters will be very interested of your post too. The love to help me in the garden. Happy gardening!

  3. deb sweet tea says:

    I didn’t realize we are neighbors, of sort, both living in Oklahoma!
    I love gardening, probably because my Dad enjoyed it so much.
    This will be my first Spring in our house (we recently moved here
    from Louisiana) so will probably just plant a few container things.
    But I’ll enjoy seeing your garden. BTW, your little Sprouts are
    adorable!

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